Even if you’re not particularly concerned about the latest environmentally-friendly car on the market, emissions should be something you consider – even if it is just because they affect your budget.
- What are car emissions?
- UK emissions scandal
- Budgeting and a guide to tax bands for UK cars
While we’re all aware of emissions, they were really dragged into the spotlight last year when the VW emissions scandal dominated the headlines for months.
The German automaker violated the US’ Clean Air Act by cheating emissions tests for over a year before the scandal first broke in September 2015.
But it’s not just the US, in the UK this month it was revealed that 37 of the country’s most popular diesel cars – including models by Ford, Renault and Vauxhall – are still producing up to 12 times the EU maximum limit of nitrogen oxide for road-tested emissions.
The Department for Transport spent six months testing the vehicles and all failed to meet the EU limit of 180mg of nitrogen oxide per km.
What are emissions?
Emissions are any fumes that leave a car’s engine while in use and cause air pollution. Because of these harmful gases, cars in the UK are regulated by Euro emissions standards, but, as we’ve seen in the news recently, not all manufacturers are staying within the lines.
Buying a car
A car is undoubtedly an expensive purchase, and there are a lot of things to consider beyond the initial outlay. There’s fuel, maintenance and, of course, tax (Vehicle Excise Duty, VED) which takes emissions into account for pricing.
Vehicle tax rates are based on engine size, or fuel type and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, depending on when the vehicle was registered.
The rates are split into bands; the lower the emissions, the lower the vehicle tax.
For cars registered on or after 1st March 2001 the rate of VED is based on fuel type and CO2 emissions, and the prices vary quite drastically.
VED was transformed in 2017 making CO2 emissions targets stricter. Speaking in the 2015 Budget, Chancellor George Osborne said the standard charge of £140 would apply to 95% of all cars.
The age of a car and how polluting it is are the two main factors in determining the price now.
Cars registered before 1 March 2001 pay one of two prices, depending on engine size; cars with engines over 1549cc pay more. Emissions on vehicles of this age are not taken into account.
Cars registered between 1 March 2001 and 31 March 2017 are priced on a sliding scale, based entirely on the car’s tailpipe CO2 emissions. The more polluting your car, the more you’ll pay.
Cars registered on or after 1 April 2017 are priced on a sliding scale in the first year based on the tailpipe CO2 emissions, and then pay a flat annual fee of £140 after that. Hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles receive a small discount. In addition, a £310 surcharge is applied to cars with a list price over £40,000 (including optional extras, before discounts) for the first five years.
Diesel vs petrol
Where fuel type is concerned, the same question continually arises – should diesel drivers pay more VED because of the higher emissions?
In March, a think-tank called Policy Exchange said the VED rate for new diesel cars should increase by up to £800 to reflect the high levels of air pollution they cause.
They believe that encouraging motorists to switch from diesel towards lower emission alternatives such as petrol, hybrid, or electric cars would lead to a dramatic improvement in air pollution levels in the UK.
It’s estimated that if air pollution stayed at current levels it would reduce the average life expectancy across all Londoners born in 2010 by up to two years.
Diesel cars are set to face higher VED rates from April 2018 if they don't meet a pre-determined emissions standard. Any car that produces more than 1.5 times the allowed 80mg/km of NOx limit will pay more for road tax.
Insuring ‘green’ cars
So if the tax rates on cars are a concern for you, going green with your vehicle is something for you to consider.
In February, Auto Express listed their top 10 best low-emission green cars and we’ve taken a look at the average cost of cover for new customers aged over 26 who insured one of these cars with Admiral in the past six months.
Auto Express’ top 10 low-emission green cars
- BMW 116d EfficientDynamics - £380.39
- BMW i3 - £328.08
- Ford Fiesta ECOnetic - £352.09
- Mini Cooper D - £325.13
- Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV - £352.81
- Seat Leon Ecomotive - £390.71
- Toyota Prius Plug-In - £472.86
- Vauxhall Ampera - £308.95
- Volkswagen Golf Bluemotion (removed from our search)
- Volkswagen Polo Bluemotion (removed from our search)
Read our guide on the costs of running a car for more information on what you can expect to pay out for when you buy a car.